It is thrilling to explore and discover new places, peoples and their cultures. However the travelling has its darker side. The reason is that you may contract bacteria or viruses that are very new to you and don’t even exist in your home country. That is why travel vaccines are lifesavers for you.
For these reasons, travel jabs become a stressful thought for travellers. The type of vaccination that is required will be dictated by the time of year that you’ll be travelling and the geographical region you will be going to. Though there are many diseases to worry about, below is a brief discussion of some of those diseases that are of concern.
One of the serious diseases is Japanese Encephalitis normally contracted through a mosquito bite and is prevalent in tropical environments. The symptoms are usually mild but it can end up causing swelling in the brain. The travel inoculation is given in 3 doses and a month before the day of traveling. Culprit countries are; South East Asia, Far East, and Tropical North East Australia.
Another disease is Malaria which is a tropical disease that is spread to humans by mosquitoes of the Anopheles species. Symptoms show up after 10 days to 2 weeks of infection they include chills, fever, muscle-aches.nausea, vomiting and general malaise. A preventive anti-malarial regiment should be administred to travellers 3 weeks before tarvelling and taken for 4 weeks more after return. Africa, The Middle East and Asia are the affected areas.
Typhoid fever is a concern for people travelling abroad. Typhoid is got from contaminated food or water. The disease is viral and symptoms are fever, headaches, and diarrhea. This disease is dangerous. The travel jab is administered 30 days before the day of travelling. Additionally, you should take care when eating food, eg eat fruits you have washed and peeled for yourself, water -take boiled or treated clean tapped or bottle sealed water. The culprit regions include: Africa,Asia, Middle East, Central and South America.
Another disease that is considered serious is the Yellow fever. It is a disease that is only found in tropical South America and in Sub-Saharan Africa. The disease is contracted through bites from mosquitoes that are infected with the virus. Symptoms of yellow fever include a headache, jaundice, bleeding and vomiting. This disease is fatal. Its so serious that in some regions like East Africa in particular, travelers are required to show a certificate of vaccination before they are allowed to enter. The jab should be given 10 days before travel day and lasts for a decade.
It’s advisable to check into a good travel clinic so that you can prepare yourself adequately before traveling to ensure a safe and enjoyable trip